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De la participation à la mobilisation collective, la bibliothèque à la recherche de sa vocation démocratique

Abstract : The development of participatory practices in public institutions reflects both a tendency of citizens of 21st century democracies to nd the system of representative democracy unsatisfactory, and a tendency of elected representatives to seek legitimacy through hyper local politics. Institutionalizing participation limits it to the development of tools and procedures, or to pre-defined spaces or on pre-ordained projects. Institutionalized participation is therefore subject to two risks: being useless for participants or turning participants into puppets of the institution. How can an institution negate these risks and be a place in which or through which citizens can gain the power to act, in the democracy and on their democracy? This dissertation examines participatory practices in municipal libraries. First, by conducting research on the librarians' intentions in the development of participatory practices and the contextualization of these intentions in relation to crises in society or in libraries, we can define the why and how of the increase of participatory practices in libraries. Second, an analysis of the limitations of participatory practices in terms of citizens' political involvement allows us to investigate the effects of participation and the political role of the library. Finally, transformations within the library profession, both completed and in progress, provide insight on the links between empowerment, and experience, prescriptive professional practices, and the preservation of memory, and lead us to think in a new way about the role of the actors of cultural policies both in space and in time. Through this research, we envision the library as capable of linking institution and event, in Merleau-Ponty's sense, and then renew in every experience of participation moments and spaces of equality and freedom, for a collective mobilization of citizens to the transformation of democracy.
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Raphaëlle Bats. De la participation à la mobilisation collective, la bibliothèque à la recherche de sa vocation démocratique. Sociologie. Université Paris Diderot, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02465951⟩

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